Kuhmichel - Europe's leading blasting media distributor

General Terms and Conditions of Delivery of Kuhmichel Abrasiv


§ 1 Validity

(1) All deliveries, services and offers of the company KuhmichelAbrasiv GmbH
(hereinafter referred to as „Vendor") shall exclusively be based on these General
Terms and Conditions of Delivery (AGL).These shall be an integral part of all
contracts, which the Vendor enters into with his contracted partners (hereinafter
referred to as „Client") on deliveries and services offered by himself.

(2) The General Terms and Conditions of Delivery also apply for all future deliveries,
services and offers to the Client, even if not explicitly mentioned again in agreements.

(3) Business conditions of the Client or a third party shall not apply, even if the
Vendor does not contradict separately in each individual case. Even if the Vendor
refers to correspondence which contains terms and conditions of the Client or of third
parties or makes mention of such, this does not suggest any agreement to the validity
of such terms and conditions.

(4) Our Terms and Conditions of Delivery shall only apply in relation with companies
as defined in § 310 section 1 of the German Civil Code ("BGB").


§ 2 Offer and Conclusion of Contract

(1) All offers of the Vendor are subject to change and non-binding, unless they are
expressly marked as binding or contain a particular deadline for acceptance. The
Vendor may accept orders or commissions within three weeks of their receipt.

(2) Exclusively applicable for the legal relationship between Vendor and Client is the
contract concluded in writing including these General Terms and Conditions. The
contract shall constitute the entire agreement made between the parties concerning
the subject matter in question. Oral agreements made by the Vendor before the
conclusion of the contract are not legally binding and are replaced by the written
contract provided that they are not expressly defined as a continuing component of
the contract.

(3) Any amendments to or changes of the agreements made, including the present
General Terms and Conditions of Delivery, must be in writing in order to be valid.
With the exception of Managing Directors and holders of power of attorney, the
employees of the Vendor shall not be entitled to make oral agreements
deviating from this.
To meet the written form the transfer per telecommunication is
sufficient, especially by fax or email, as far as the copy of the signed statement is

(4) Information from the Vendor on the subject of the supply or service (e.g., weight,
dimensions, practical value, capacity, tolerances and technical data) as well as our
representations of the same (e.g., drawings and illustrations) are only approximately
applicable, unless its applicability for the purpose contractually envisaged requires
precise conformity. Such specifications shall not be construed as warranties of
quality, but rather as a description or identification of deliveries or services.
Deviations according to custom and usage and deviations resulting from legal
provisions or deviations constituting technical improvements, as well as a component
replacement by equivalent parts are permissible, as far as they do not impair usability
for the contractually agreed purpose.

(5) The Vendor retains the ownership or copyright for all offers and cost estimates
issued by him as well as drawings, illustrations, calculations, brochures, catalogues,
models, tools and other documents and resources made available to the Client.
Without the expressive agreement of the Vendor, the Client may not make these
objects, or the content of them, accessible to third parties or make them known to
third parties, or have them used or reproduced, either by himself or by third parties.
On request by the Vendor he must return these objects to him in their entirety and,
where applicable, destroy any copies made of them, if they are no longer needed by
him in the proper course of business or if negotiations do not result in the conclusion
of a contract.


§ 3 Prices and Payment

(1) The prices apply for the scope of supply and service stated in the order
confirmation. Additional or special services will be calculated separately. Prices are
given in EUROS and ex works plus the costs for packaging, legal value added tax,
customs for export deliveries plus duties and other official charges.

(2) Invoiced sums are to be paid in full within thirty days, unless an agreement has
been made otherwise in writing. The receipt of payment by the Vendor is authoritative
for the day of payment. Cheques will only be valid as payment after encashment. If
the Client does not pay by the due date, then interest will be charged on the
outstanding amounts at a rate of 8.5 % p. a. as from the due date; the application of
higher interest rates and additional damages in the case of late payment remains

(3) The offsetting with counterclaims by the Client or the withholding of payments
against such claims is permitted only insofar as the counterclaims are undisputed or
have been legally upheld.

(4) The Vendor is entitled only to make deliveries or to provide services against prior
payment or deposit if, after the conclusion of the contract, circumstances become
known to him which are of a nature to considerably reduce the Client's credit
worthiness and on account of which the payment of the Vendor's outstanding
demands from the relevant contractual relations (including those from other individual
orders for which the same framework contract applies) is put at risk.


§ 4 Delivery and Time of Delivery

(1) Deliveries shall take place ex works or ex stock.

(2) Terms and deadlines announced by the Vendor in advance for deliveries and
services are deemed to approximate unless a fixed term or fixed deadline has been
specified or agreed. If shipping has been agreed, delivery dates and deadlines refer
to the time of transfer to the forwarder, carrier or other third party assigned to
transport the goods.

(3) Notwithstanding his rights with respect to defaulting on the Client's part, the
Vendor may ask the Client for an extension to terms for supplies and services or a
postponement of delivery and service deadlines by the period of time for which the
Client fails to meet his contractual obligations with respect to the Vendor.

(4) The Vendor is not liable for impossibility of delivery or for delays in delivery in so
far as these have been caused by force majeure or other events which were not
foreseeable at the time of concluding the contract (e.g., operating disruptions of all
kinds, difficulties in procuring materials or power, transport delays, strikes, lawful
lockouts, workforce, energy or raw material shortages, difficulties in procuring
necessary official approvals, official measures or non-delivery or incorrect or late
delivery by suppliers), for which the Vendor is not responsible. As far as such
incidents make delivery or service difficult or impossible for the Vendor and the
obstruction is not only of temporary duration, the contract partners are eligible to
withdraw from the contract. In the event of impediments that are of temporary
duration the deadlines for delivery and service shall be extended or the delivery or
service dates shall be postponed by the period of the impediment plus a reasonable
start-up period. If as a result of the delay the Client cannot reasonably be expected to
accept the deliveries and services, the Client shall be entitled to withdraw from the
contract by way of immediate written declaration to the Vendor.

(5) The Vendor shall only be entitled to partial deliveries, if
- the partial delivery can be used by the Client within the scope of the
contractual intended use,
- the delivery of the outstanding goods is secured and
- no significant additional expenses or additional costs are incurred for the
Client (unless the Vendor declares that he is prepared to bear such costs).

(6) If the Vendor falls behind with a delivery or service or if a supply or service is
impossible for him, whatever the reason may be, then the Vendor's liability is limited
to compensation in accordance with § 8 of these General Terms and Conditions of


§ 5 Place of Fulfilment, Shipping, Packaging, Transfer of Risk, Acceptance

(1) The place of fulfilment for all obligations arising from the contractual relationship is
Düsseldorf, unless other arrangements have been made.

(2) The type of shipping and packaging are subject to the dutiful discretion of the

(3) The risk shall pass to the Client at the latest when the delivery item is handed
over to the hauler, carrier or another third party determined for the performance of the
shipment (the beginning of the loading procedure is decisive here). This also applies
in the case of partial deliveries or if the Vendor has assumed further obligations (e.g.,
shipping). If shipping or handover is delayed due to circumstances for which the
Client is responsible, the transfer of risks to the Client takes place on the day when
the Vendor is ready for shipping and the Client has been informed about this by the

(4) Storage costs incurred after risk has been transferred will be borne by the Client.
In case of storage by the Vendor, the storage costs amount to 0.25 % of the invoice
amount of the objects of supply to be stored per week of elapsed time. The right to
claim for additional storage costs or request proof of lower storage costs remains

(5) The Vendor shall insure the shipment against theft, breakage, transport, fire and
water risks only upon explicit request of the Client and at the Client's costs.

(6) In so far as the inspection and approval of the article of sale is concerned, the
article of sale is considered accepted when
- the delivery has taken place,
- the Vendor informed the Client about it together with indicating to the fact of
the acceptance fiction of this section 5 (6) and requested acceptance of the
- fourteen working days have elapsed since the delivery or the Client has
started making use of the delivered item and in this case since delivery seven
working days have ensued, and
- the Client has failed to organize the acceptance process within this time period
because of a reason or reasons besides the ones indicated to the Vendor, that
make the delivered item impossible to use or at least significantly influences
the use.


§ 6 Warranty, Material Deficiency

(1) The period of warranty is one year after delivery or, if acceptance is agreed, one
year after acceptance.

(2) The delivered goods have to be accurately inspected immediately after delivery to
the Client or determined third parties.

(3) Therefore deviations according to custom and usage in weight (up to 5 %),
granulation, quality, colour or quantity cannot be considered as material deficiencies.

(4) Deviations from a pattern cannot be considered as material deficiencies, too. A
pattern is only for illustrative purposes of the approximate condition of the material,
and it is not an assurance of certain properties.

(5) With recycled products the Client's duty to inspect also includes the chemical
composition of the material. Minor variations of the chemical composition are due to
raw materials and do not represent any kind of material defect.

(6) The delivered products are seen as approved by the Client with regard to obvious
defects or other defects, which would have been visible following an immediate and
thorough inspection, if the Vendor does not receive a written notification of defects
within fourteen workdays after delivery.

(7) The delivered goods will be seen as approved by the Client with regard to other
defects, if the Vendor does not receive a notification of defects within fourteen
workdays after the date, at which the defect was detected. If the defect was already
recognizable by the Client at an earlier date during normal use, this earlier date is
relevant for the beginning of the time-limit for claims.

(8) Defective goods have to be sent back freight paid to the Vendor on request by the
Vendor. If the complaint is justified, the Vendor will reimburse the costs of the most
inexpensive shipment; this does not apply if the costs increase because the object of
delivery is at a different location than that of the intended use.

(9) In the event of material defects to delivered goods the Vendor shall, at its own
discretion and within a reasonable period, be obliged and entitled to either rework the
delivered goods or make a delivery of replacement goods. In the event of failure, i.e.,
in particular the impossibility, impracticality, refusal or unreasonable delay in
reworking delivered goods or delivering replacement goods, the Client shall be
entitled to withdraw from the contract or reduce the purchase price appropriately.

(10) If the Vendor is to blame for a defect, the Client may demand compensation
under the conditions stipulated in § 8.

(11) The warranty ceases to apply if the Client, without consent of the Vendor,
changes the delivered item or allows a third party to carry out changes, thus making
the correction or deficiencies impossible or unacceptably difficult. In each case the
Client must bear the additional costs of remedying defects caused by the

(12) If delivery of used objects has been agreed with the Client in an individual case,
this shall be affected excluding all warranties for defects.


§ 7 Property Rights

(1) In accordance with this § 7 the Vendor guarantees that the delivery of goods or
provision of services of the Vendor is not subject to commercial property rights or
copyright of third parties. Each party will inform the other contract party immediately if
there are any against him according to breaching these rights.

(2) In the event that the object delivered infringes a third party industrial property right
or copyright then, according to his choice and at its own costs, the Vendor will either
alter or exchange the object delivered in such a way that it no longer infringes any
third party rights, but so that the object delivered continues to fulfil its contractually
agreed functions, or procure the right of use for the Client by concluding a licence
contract. If he does not manage to do this within an appropriate period, the Client is
entitled to withdraw from the contract or reduce the purchase price appropriately. Any
claims of the Client to compensation for damages shall be subject to the restrictions
set out in § 8 of these General Terms and Conditions of Delivery.

(3) In case of infringements of products from other manufacturers delivered by the
Vendor then, according to his choice, the Client will make his claims against the
manufacturer and previous supplier on the Vendor's account or transfer this title to
the Vendor. Claims against the Vendor exist in this case in accordance with this § 7 if
the legal enforcement of the above mentioned claims against the manufacturer and
previous supplier was unsuccessful or is futile, for example, because of insolvency.


§ 8 Liability for Compensations Caused by Fault

(1) The Vendor's liability for damages, regardless of the legal grounds but in
particular due to impossibility, delay, defective or incorrect delivery, contractual
infringement, infringement of duties during contract negotiation and action in tort is, in
so far as there is a question of blame in each case, limited in accordance with this §

(2) The Vendor shall not be liable in the event of simple negligence by the officers of
the company, employees or other agents unless a violation of obligations under the
contract is involved. Key elements of the contract are the obligation to deliver in a
timely manner and install the goods delivered free of major defects and the
obligations applying to consultancy services, protection and care to enable the
ordering party to use the goods delivered in accordance with the contract or protect
life and limb of the ordering party's staff or his property to prevent major damage or

(3) In so far as the Vendor is liable for damages on the grounds of and in accordance
with § 8 (2), this liability is limited to damage which the Vendor has foreseen when
concluding the contract as a possible consequence of a contractual infringement or
which, under consideration of the circumstances, were or should have been known to
him or which, by applying due care and attention, he should have foreseen.
Furthermore, indirect damage and consequential damage resulting from defects in
the object delivered are only subject to compensation in so far as such damage is
typically to be expected when using the object delivered as stipulated.

(4) In the event of liability for simple negligence, the Vendor's obligation to make
compensation for property damage and resulting loss of profits is limited to an
amount of EUR 2.000.000 (cover sum, third party insurance, product liability
insurance) per claim, even if this a case of infringement of obligations essential to the

(5) The exclusions and limitations of liability mentioned before apply to the same
extent in favour of the organs, legal representatives, employees and other agents of
the Vendors.

(6) In so far as the Vendor provides technical information or acts as an adviser and
this information or advice is not part of the contractually agreed scope of services
owed by him, this is done free of charge and with the exclusion of any liability.

(7) The limitations of this § 8 shall not apply to the liability of the Vendor for wilful
misconduct, for warranted characteristic features, damage to life body or health, or in
accordance with product liability laws.


§ 9 Reservation of Title

(1) The following agreed reservation of title is intended to secure all existing present
and future demands of the Vendor against the Client from the delivery relationship
existing between the contractual partners.

(2) The goods delivered by the Vendor to the Client remain its property until all
outstanding invoices have been paid in full. All goods as well as the goods included
in the reservation of title to take their place in accordance with this clause, are
hereinafter referred to as „reserved goods".

(3) The Client stores the reserved goods with no costs for the Vendor.

(4) The Client shall be entitled to process and sell the reserved goods during the
course of normal business operations until the time of enforcement of the reservation
of title [§ 9 (9)]. Pledging or assigning security on goods is not permitted.

(5) If the reserved goods are processed by the Client, it is deemed to be on behalf of
and for the account of the Vendor as the manufacturer and the Vendor directly
acquires property or - if the processing involves materials provided by a number of
owners or the value of the processed goods exceeds that of the reserved goods -
partial property (co-ownership) in the items thus created and in proportion of the
value of the reserved goods to the value of the new items. In the event that no such
acquisition of ownership should occur for the Vendor, the Client shall transfer now his
future ownership or - in the ratio mentioned before - his co-ownership in the newly
created items to the Vendor for reasons of security. If the reserved goods are
combined with other goods or inseparably intermingled with any other goods to
create a single product and one of the other goods is considered the key component,
the Vendor hereby transfers to the Client, if the key component is owned by the
Vendor, a co-ownership interest in the single product in the ratio defined in sentence
1 above.

(6) In the event that the reserved goods are sold on, the Client hereby transfers the
resulting claim against the acquirer - or in case of co-ownership of the Vendor of the
reserved goods in proportion to the proportion of co-ownership - to the Vendor by
way of security. The same applies for claims which replace the reserved goods or
arise in regard to the reserved goods, e.g., insurance claims or claims in tort in case
of loss or destruction. The Vendor shall irrevocably authorize the Client to collect the
claims assigned to the Vendor for their account and in their own name. The
authorization to collect assigned claims may be revoked by the Vendor only in the
event of enforcement of the reservation of title.

(7) If third parties take hold of the reserved goods, in particular by garnishment, the
Client has to advise immediately of the property of the Vendor and also to inform the
Vendor to enable the assertion of the property rights. In the event that the third party
is unable to indemnify the Vendor for costs incurred in connection with such
proceedings in or out of court, the Client shall be liable for such costs to the Vendor.

(8) Upon demand of the Client, the Vendor shall release reserved goods or the items
and claims taking the place of reserved goods, to the extent that the value of such
goods exceeds the amount of the Vendor's secured claims by more than 50 %. The
individual objects to be released then will be chosen by the Vendor.

(9) If, in the event of behaviour by the Client contrary to the contract - in particular
late payment - the Vendor withdraws from the contract (case of recovery), he is
entitled to demand the reserved goods.


§ 10 Final Provisions

(1) In case the Client is a businessman, a corporate body under public law, or a
special asset governed by public law, or has no general place of jurisdiction within
the Federal Republic of Germany, the place of jurisdiction for all possible disputes
arising from the business connections between Vendor and Client is at the sole
discretion of the Vendor and will be either Düsseldorf or the Client's place of
business. Düsseldorf is the exclusive place of jurisdiction for any and all claims filed
against the Vendor. Mandatory legal regulations about exclusive jurisdiction remain
unaffected from this regulation.

(2) The relationship between the Vendor and the Client is exclusively subject to the
law of the Federal Republic of Germany. The United Nations Convention on
Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) dated 11 April 1980 does not

(3) Should the contract or these General Terms and Conditions contain any escape
clauses, then the regulations that would have been agreed upon with respect to the
economic goals of the contract and the scope of these General Terms and
Conditions (if the escape clauses had been recognized in advance) shall apply and
be legally binding.

The Client shall take note of the fact that the Vendor stores data from the contractual
relationship in accordance with § 28 Bundesdatenschutzgesetz (Federal Data
Protection Act) for the purpose of data processing, and reserves the right to transmit
the data, inasmuch as for the performance of the agreement necessary, to third
parties (e.g., insurances).